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Carya hybrids - Various

Common Name Hybrid and neohybrid hickories
Family Juglandaceae
USDA hardiness 4-11
Known Hazards None Known
Habitats Not native
Range Hybrid origin.
Edibility Rating    (4 of 5)
Other Uses    (3 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (3 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Carya hybrids Hybrid and neohybrid hickories


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Carya hybrids Hybrid and neohybrid hickories
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Summary

Carya hybrids or hickory hybrids are being developed to produce larger nuts, better flavours and thinner shells. The Carya (hickory) genus includes up to 19 species. Some are native to China, Indochina, and India (Assam), the United States, Mexico, and Canada. Grown for their edible nuts and wood.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Carya hybrids is a deciduous Tree growing to 40 m (131ft) by 35 m (114ft) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 4.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Many. See individual species.

Habitats

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Leaves  Oil  Seed
Edible Uses: Oil

Carbon Farming Solutions - Staple Crop: oil (The term staple crop typically refers to a food that is eaten routinely and accounts for a dominant part of people's diets in a particular region of the world) [1-1].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


See individual species.

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Other Uses

Oil

See individual plant entries. A dynamic accumulator gathering minerals or nutrients from the soil and storing them in a more bioavailable form - used as fertilizer or to improve mulch.

Special Uses

Carbon Farming  Dynamic accumulator  Food Forest

Cultivation details

Management: Standard  Minor Global Crop  Staple Crop: Oil

Climate: cold temperate to subtropical, tropical highlands. Humidity: humid. Carbon Farming Solutions - Cultivation: minor global crops. Management: standard (Describes the non-destructive management systems that are used in cultivation) [1-1]. . For polyculture design as well as the above-ground architecture (form - tree, shrub etc. and size shown above) information on the habit and root pattern is also useful and given here if available. The plant growth habit is a standard with a non-suckering single trunk [1-2]. The root pattern is a tap root similar to a carrot going directly down [1-2].

Carbon Farming

  • Management: Standard  Plants grow to their standard height. Harvest fruit, seeds, or other products. Non-Destructive management systems.
  • Minor Global Crop  These crops are already grown or traded around the world, but on a smaller scale than the global perennial staple and industrial crops, The annual value of a minor global crop is under $1 billion US. Examples include shea, carob, Brazil nuts and fibers such as ramie and sisal.
  • Staple Crop: Oil  (0-15 percent protein, 16+ percent oil). Some of these are consumed whole while others are exclusively pressed for oil. Annuals include canola, poppyseed, maize, cottonseed, sunflower, peanut. Perennials include high-oil fruits, seeds, and nuts, such as olive, coconut, avocado, oil palm, shea, pecan, and macadamia. Some perennial oil crops are consumed whole as fruits and nuts, while others are exclusively pressed for oil (and some are used fresh and for oil).

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Propagation

Seed - requires a period of cold stratification. It is best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe[78]. Stored seed should be kept moist (but not wet) prior to sowing and should be sown in a cold frame as soon as possible[78]. Where possible, sow 1 or 2 seeds only in each deep pot and thin to the best seedling. If you need to transplant the seedlings, then do this as soon as they are large enough to handle, once more using deep pots to accommodate the tap root. Put the plants into their permanent positions as soon as possible, preferably in their first summer, and give them some protection from the cold for at least the first winter[78, K]. Seed can also be sown in situ so long as protection is given from mice etc and the seed is given some protection from cold[200] (a plastic bottle with the top and bottom removed and a wire mesh top fitted to keep the mice out is ideal)

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Carya hybrids. Hickory, Pignut, Pecan

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

The Carya (hickory) genus includes up to 19 species. Some are native to China, Indochina, and India (Assam), the United States, Mexico, and Canada.

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

None Known

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Carya aquaticaWater HickoryTree20.0 5-9 SLMHNM10 
Carya buckleyiBlack hickoryTree10.0 5-9 SLMHNM20 
Carya carolinae-septentrionalisSouthern Shagbark, Southern shagbark hickoryTree20.0 0-0 SLMHNM20 
Carya cathayensisChinese HickoryTree18.0 5-9 SLMHNM303
Carya cordiformisBitternut, Bitternut hickory, Swamp HickoryTree25.0 4-9 SLMHNM31 
Carya floridanaScrub HickoryTree20.0 -  LMHNDM20 
Carya glabraSweet Pignut, Pignut hickory, Broom Hickory, Pignut HickoryTree30.0 4-9 SLMHNDM30 
Carya glabra megacarpaCoastal Pignut HickoryTree30.0 4-8 SLMHNM30 
Carya illinoinensisPecanTree50.0 5-9 MLMHNM412
Carya laciniosaShellbark HickoryTree30.0 5-9 SLMHNM313
Carya myristiciformisNutmeg HickoryTree30.0 8-11 SLMHNM20 
Carya ovalisSweet PignutTree30.0 5-9 SLMHNM30 
Carya ovataShagbark HickoryTree30.0 4-8 SLMHNDM314
Carya pallidaSand HickoryTree30.0 5-9 SLMHNM31 
Carya texanaBlack HickoryTree15.0 5-9 SLMHNM20 
Carya tomentosaMockernut,White Heart Hickory, Mockernut HickoryTree30.0 4-9 MLMHNDM31 
Carya x laneyi Tree20.0 4-8 SLMHNM30 
Platycarya strobilacea Tree12.0 6-9  LMHSNM10 
Pterocarya fraxinifoliaCaucasian WingnutTree30.0 6-9  MHNM11 
Pterocarya rhoifoliaJapanese WingnutTree30.0 5-9  MHNM10 
Pterocarya stenopteraChinese wingnutTree20.0 6-9  MHNM02 
Sclerocarya birreaMarulaTree13.0 10-12 FLMHNDM332

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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