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Arisaema amurense - Maxim.

Common Name Tian Nan Xing
Family Araceae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards The plant contains calcium oxylate crystals. These cause an extremely unpleasant sensation similar to needles being stuck into the mouth and tongue if they are eaten but they are easily neutralized by thoroughly drying or cooking the plant or by steeping it in water.
Habitats Virgin forests, mountains and river banks[74]. Deciduous forest, mixed forest, under woods and by streams at elevations of 50 - 200 metres in China[266].
Range E. Asia - N. China, Japan, Korea.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (3 of 5)
Care (info)
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Full shade Semi-shade Full sun
Arisaema amurense Tian Nan Xing


http://www.biopix.com/
Arisaema amurense Tian Nan Xing
http://www.biopix.com/

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Arisaema amurense is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in) by 0.5 m (1ft 8in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). and is pollinated by Flies. The plant is not self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge; not Deep Shade;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Leaves  Root
Edible Uses:

Well-soaked roots can be boiled, peeled and eaten[177]. The tuber is 6 - 7cm in diameter[266]. Some caution is advised, see the notes above on toxicity. Young leaves - cooked[177]. Some caution is advised, see the notes above on toxicity.

References

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Anodyne  Antispasmodic  Cancer  Expectorant  Vermifuge

Tian Nan Xing has been used in Chinese herbal medicine for thousands of years and is valued especially for its beneficial affect upon the chest[254]. When prescribed internally it is always used dried and in conjunction with fresh ginger root[254]. The root is an acrid irritant herb that is anodyne, antibacterial, antifungal, antiphlogistic, antirheumatic, anticancer, antispasmodic, antitumor, expectorant, sedative and stomachic[147, 176, 218, 238, 279]. The dried root is used internally in the treatment of coughs with profuse phlegm, tumours, cervical cancer, epilepsy, tetanus and complaints involving muscular spasms[176, 238]. The fresh root is applied externally as a poultice to ulcers and other skin complaints[254]. The root is harvested when the plant is dormant in the autumn or winter and is dried for later use[238].

References

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An important new book from PFAF. It focuses on the attributes of plants suitable for food forests, what each can contribute to a food forest ecosystem, including carbon sequestration, and the kinds of foods they yield. The book suggests that community and small-scale food forests can provide a real alternative to intensive industrialised agriculture, and help to combat the many inter-related environmental crises that threaten the very future of life on Earth.

Read More

FOOD FOREST PLANTS

Other Uses

None known

Special Uses

References

Cultivation details

Prefers a cool peaty soil in the bog, woodland garden or a sheltered border in semi-shade[200]. Prefers a loamy or peaty soil[1] and will tolerate a sunny position if the soil is moist but not water-logged and the position is not too exposed[1, 200]. This species is well suited to the front of a peat border[200]. Tubers should be planted about 15cm deep[233]. Only plant out full sized tubers and mulch them with organic matter in the winter[200]. Plants require protection from slugs[200]. Most species in this genus are dioecious, but they are sometimes monoecious and can also change sex from year to year.

References

Temperature Converter

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Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

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Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a shady position in a cold frame[134]. Stored seed remains viable for at least a year and can be sown in spring in the greenhouse but it will probably require a period of cold stratification. Germination usually takes place in 1 - 6 months at 15°c[134]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in light shade in the greenhouse for at least a coupe of years until the corms are more than 20mm in diameter. Plant out into their permanent positions whilst they are dormant. Division of tubers when the plant dies down in late summer.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Arisaema consanguineumTian Nan XingPerennial1.0 6-9  LMFSNM13 
Arisaema costatum Perennial0.6 6-9  LMFSNM20 
Arisaema dracontiumGreen-DragonPerennial0.8 4-8  LMFSNM11 
Arisaema flavum Perennial0.4 6-9  LMFSNM21 
Arisaema jacquemontii Perennial0.6 5-9  LMFSNM20 
Arisaema negishii Perennial0.0 -  LMFSNM20 
Arisaema peninsulare Perennial0.2 -  LMFSNM10 
Arisaema quinatumIndian Turnip, Jack in the pulpitPerennial1.0 0-0  LMFSNM10 
Arisaema ringens Perennial0.3 6-9  LMFSNM01 
Arisaema serratum Perennial0.9 4-8  LMFSNM21 
Arisaema thunbergii Perennial0.6 -  LMFSNM01 
Arisaema tortuosumArisaemaPerennial0.6 6-9  LMFSNM22 
Arisaema triphyllumJack In The Pulpit, Dragonroot, Indian TurnipPerennial0.6 4-9 SLMFSNM32 
Arisaema utile Perennial0.5 4-8  LMFSNM20 

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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Author

Maxim.

Botanical References

74200266

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