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Arctostaphylos patula - Greene.

Common Name Greenleaf Manzanita
Family Ericaceae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Open coniferous forests[3, 11].
Range South-western N. America.
Edibility Rating    (3 of 5)
Other Uses    (1 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Arctostaphylos patula Greenleaf Manzanita


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Wsiegmund
Arctostaphylos patula Greenleaf Manzanita
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Wsiegmund

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Arctostaphylos patula is an evergreen Shrub growing to 2 m (6ft) by 2 m (6ft).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. It is in leaf all year, in flower from March to May, and the seeds ripen from August to October. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid soils and can grow in very acid soils.
It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit  Seed
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw or cooked[3, 94, 105, 161]. The fully ripe fruit is pleasantly acid with a flavour resembling green apples[183]. It can be dried, ground into a powder then used in making cakes etc[257]. The fruit can also be used for making jelly and cider[183]. The fruit is about 8 - 10mm in diameter[200]. Seed - ground into a powder and added to soups etc[92]. The seed is very small and would be difficult to separate from the fruit. It would be easier to dry the whole fruit, grind this into a powder and use it in soups etc[K].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Astringent  Poultice  VD

The leaves are astringent[94]. They have been used in the treatment of VD[257]. They are also used as a poultice on burns, cuts etc[257].

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Other Uses

Dye

A yellowish-brown dye is obtained from the leaves, it does not require a mordant[168].

Special Uses

Cultivation details

Requires a deep moist well-drained light or medium lime-free loam in sun or semi-shade[3, 11, 166, 200] but plants produce less fruit when they are grown in the shade[200]. Prefers a soil that is dry in the summer[184]. Plants are not very wind-firm[11]. Plants are hardy to about -10°c[184]. This species was growing well at Chelsea Physic garden after the harsh winter of 1985/86, showing no signs of damage[11]. Highly fire resistant[155], it can regenerate after a forest fire from a mallee-like base[166, 184]. Plants self-layer in nature[155]. A very ornamental plant[1], it grows well in Britain[3]. Plants resent root disturbance and should be placed in their final positions as soon as possible[11, 134].

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Propagation

Seed - best sown in a greenhouse as soon as it is ripe. Pre-soak dried seed in boiling water for 10 - 20 seconds or burn some straw on top of them and then stratify at 2 - 5°c for 2 months[11, 200]. The seed usually germinates in 2 - 3 months at 15°c[134]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a cold frame or greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant out in late spring or early summer. Cuttings of side shoots of the current season's growth, 5 - 8cm with a heel, August to December in a frame. The cuttings are very slow and can take a year to root[1, 78]. This species is very difficult from cuttings[166]. Division in early spring. Take care because the plant resents root disturbance. Pot the divisions up and keep them in a lightly shaded position in a cold frame or greenhouse until they are growing away actively. Layering in spring[200].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Australia, North America, Tasmania, USA,

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Arctostaphylos alpinaAlpine BearberryShrub0.1 -  LMSNM21 
Arctostaphylos columbianaHairy ManzanitaShrub1.5 6-9  LMSNM21 
Arctostaphylos glaucaBigberry ManzanitaShrub4.0 7-10  LMSNDM22 
Arctostaphylos manzanitaManzanita, Whiteleaf manzanita, Konocti manzanita, Contra Costa manzanita, Roof's manzanita, WieslanShrub2.0 7-10  LMSNDM313
Arctostaphylos nevadensisPine-Mat ManzanitaShrub0.1 5-9 MLMSNM21 
Arctostaphylos parryanaParry ManzanitaShrub1.8 -  LMSNDM10 
Arctostaphylos pungensPointleaf ManzanitaShrub0.0 -  LMSNDM11 
Arctostaphylos stanfordianaStanford's manzanita, Rincon manzanitaShrub1.5 5-9  LMSNDM301
Arctostaphylos tomentosaDowny Manzanita, Woollyleaf manzanita, Brittleleaf manzanita, Dacite manzanita, Rosy manzanita, SanShrub1.5 7-10  LMSNM333
Arctostaphylos uva-ursiBearberryShrub0.1 4-8 MLMFSNM344
Vaccinium arctostaphylosCaucasian WhortleberryShrub3.0 5-9  LMSNM300

 

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Expert comment

Author

Greene.

Botanical References

1160200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

Allan R. Taylor   Thu Jun 14 2007

Colorado forms of this taxon are hardy to -20 F, making them solid members of the flora of U.S. Zone 5. The Colorado plants are also tolerant of somewhat limey soils, although A. pungens does better in such soils.

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