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Apocynum pictum - Schrenk

Common Name Kendyr
Family Apocynaceae
USDA hardiness 4-9
Known Hazards None Known
Habitats Salt-barren areas, desert margins, riversides[266].
Range Central Asia - Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, western China, Mongolia
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (3 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care (info)
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Full shade Semi-shade Full sun
Apocynum pictum Kendyr


edibleplants.org
Apocynum pictum Kendyr
edibleplants.org

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Apocynum pictum is a PERENNIAL growing to 2 m (6ft) by 0.3 m (1ft in) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. The flowers are pollinated by Bees, Lepidoptera (Moths & Butterflies).
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in saline soils.
It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Apocynum grandiflorum Danguy. Apocynum hendersonii Hook.f. Poacynum hendersonii (Hook.f.) Woodson. Poacynum pictum (Schrenk) Baill.

Habitats

Edible Uses

None known

References

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


The leaves yield up to 5% gum (?latex), which is used for making a medicine used as a sedative and to treat hypertension[266]. The species has fragrant flowers and is grown as a honey plant[266].

References

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An important new book from PFAF. It focuses on the attributes of plants suitable for food forests, what each can contribute to a food forest ecosystem, including carbon sequestration, and the kinds of foods they yield. The book suggests that community and small-scale food forests can provide a real alternative to intensive industrialised agriculture, and help to combat the many inter-related environmental crises that threaten the very future of life on Earth.

Read More

FOOD FOREST PLANTS

Other Uses

Agroforestry Uses: The fragrant flowers are a good source of honey for bees[266 ]. Other Uses: The strong bast fibres obtained from the inner bark are used in making cloth, strings, sails, fishing nests, and high-quality paper[266 ]. The leaves yield up to 5% gum, which is used for making rubber[266 ]. Carbon Farming: Industrial Crop: fiber. The dogbane-milkweed family Asclepias, Apocynum, Calotropis, and Trachomitum spp) has been used for fiber industrial crops for millennia with a number in cultivation as regional crops. All of these crops are dual-purpose fibres, offering bast fibres from the stem and seed fiber or ‘floss’ in the fruit pods. Many have also been identified as potential hydrocarbon crops due to high latex content. Could be integrated into various agroforestry systems rather than as monocultures [1-1].

Special Uses

Carbon Farming

References

Cultivation details

Industrial Crop: Fiber  Management: Hay  Regional Crop

Species in this genus generally succeed in sun or shade in most well-drained but moisture-retentive soils[1 , 200 ]. The species has fragrant flowers and is grown as a honey plant[266 ]. Apocynum species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species, including the mouse moth and the Queen butterfly. Climate: cold to warm temperate. Humidity: arid to semi-arid. Carbon Farming - Cultivation: regional crop. Management: hay.

Carbon Farming

  • Industrial Crop: Fiber  Clothing, rugs, sheets, blankets etc. Currently, almost none of our fiber are produced from perennial crops but could be!
  • Management: Hay  Cut to the ground and harvested annually. Non-destructive management systems maintaining the soil organic carbon.
  • Regional Crop  These crops have been domesticated and cultivated regionally but have not been adopted elsewhere and are typically not traded globally, Examples in this broad category include perennial cottons and many nuts and staple fruits.

References

Temperature Converter

Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit:

Fahrenheit:

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Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in late summer and overwintered outdoors. The seed requires a period of cold stratification if it is to germinate well[238]. Prick out the seedlings when large enough to handle and grow them on in a cold frame for their first winter, planting out in late spring of the following year[K] . Division in spring just before active growth begins[200]. Plants can also be divided in the autumn[238].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Dogbane or Indian hemp

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Native to parts of China (Gansu, Qinghai, Xinjiang), Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan.

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

None Known

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Apocynum androsaemifoliumSpreading DogbanePerennial0.6 4-8  LMHFSNDM021
Apocynum cannabinumIndian HempPerennial0.6 4-8  LMHFSNM223
Apocynum venetum Perennial0.3 4-8  LMHSNM020

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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Author

Schrenk

Botanical References

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

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