We need regular donations to enable us to keep going – to maintain and further develop our free-to-use database of over 8000 edible and useful plants. Donations have increased following recent appeals - thank you! - but we still need at least £1000 (or $1300/ €1200) every month. If you value what we do please give what you can to support our work. More >>>

Follow Us:

 

Abies squamata - Mast.

Common Name Flaky Fir
Family Pinaceae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Forms forests in very dry regions of China at altitudes of 3600 - 4600 metres[109].
Range E. Asia - W. China
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (2 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care (info)
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full shade Semi-shade Full sun
Abies squamata Flaky Fir


Abies squamata Flaky Fir

 

Translate this page:

Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of cone
Abies squamata is an evergreen Tree growing to 30 m (98ft 5in) at a slow rate.
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 6 and is not frost tender. It is in leaf all year, and the seeds ripen from October to November. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: mildly acid and neutral soils. It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Canopy;

Edible Uses

None known

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


None known

References   More on Medicinal Uses

Now available: PLANTS FOR YOUR FOOD FOREST: 500 Plants for Temperate Food Forests and Permaculture Gardens.

An important new book from PFAF. It focuses on the attributes of plants suitable for food forests, what each can contribute to a food forest ecosystem, including carbon sequestration, and the kinds of foods they yield. The book suggests that community and small-scale food forests can provide a real alternative to intensive industrialised agriculture, and help to combat the many inter-related environmental crises that threaten the very future of life on Earth.

Read More

FOOD FOREST PLANTS

Other Uses

Wood

Wood - good quality. Used for house building, furniture and pulp[46, 61, 266].

Special Uses

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

Prefers a good moist but not water-logged soil[1]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Plants are very shade tolerant, especially when young, but growth is slower in dense shade[81]. Intolerant of atmospheric pollution[1]. Prefers slightly acid conditions down to a pH of about 5[200]. Prefers growing on a north-facing slope[200]. This species is closely related to A. delavayi[11]. A slow growing tree, but it succeeds in all parts of Britain[185]. It grows best in the Perthshire valleys of Scotland[11]. Very cold tolerant, but it can be excited into premature growth in the mild winters of Britain and this young growth is susceptible to damage by late frosts[1]. Trees should be planted into their permanent positions when they are quite small, between 30 and 90cm in height. Larger trees will check badly and hardly put on any growth for several years. This also badly affects root development and wind resistance[200]. Plants are strongly outbreeding, self-fertilized seed usually grows poorly[200]. They hybridize freely with other members of this genus[200]. This species is said to be found at the highest altitude of any tree in the world[200].

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit:

Fahrenheit:

image

The PFAF Bookshop

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

Shop Now

Propagation

Seed - sow early February in a greenhouse or outdoors in March[78]. Germination is often poor, usually taking about 6 - 8 weeks[78]. Stratification is said to produce a more even germination so it is probably best to sow the seed in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe in the autumn[80, 113]. The seed remains viable for up to 5 years if it is well stored[113]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on for at least their first winter in pots. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Alternatively, if you have sufficient seed, it is possible to sow in an outdoor seedbed. One report says that it is best to grow the seedlings on in the shade at a density of about 550 plants per square metre[78] whilst another report says that they are best grown on in a sunny position[80].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Abies albaSilver Fir, Christmas Tree Fir, European Silver Fir, SilverTree45.0 5-8 FLMHFSNM234
Abies amabilisRed Fir,Pacific silver firTree30.0 4-8 SLMHFSNM123
Abies balsameaBalsam FirTree15.0 3-6 SLMHFSNM353
Abies cephalonicaGrecian FirTree36.0 4-8 MLMHFSNM002
Abies concolorColorado Fir, White firTree45.0 3-7 FLMHFSNDM022
Abies delavayi Tree25.0 6-9 SLMHFSNM003
Abies firmaMomi Fir, Japanese FirTree30.0 6-9 MLMHFSNM102
Abies fraseriShe Balsam, Fraser fir, Southern Balsam FirTree15.0 4-7 FLMHFSNM133
Abies grandisGrand Fir, Giant Fir, Lowland White FirTree75.0 5-6 FLMHFSNM223
Abies homolepisNikko FirTree36.0 4-7 MLMHFSNM002
Abies lasiocarpaSubalpine Fir, Alpine FirTree25.0 5-6 SLMHFSNM222
Abies magnificaCalifornian Red Fir, Shasta red firTree60.0 4-8 MLMHFSNM002
Abies mariesii Tree20.0 5-9 SLMHFSNM002
Abies nordmannianaCaucasian Fir, Christmas Tree Fir, NordmannTree50.0 4-6 MLMHFSNM002
Abies pindrowWest Himalayan FirTree30.0 5-7 SLMHFSNM002
Abies proceraNoble FirTree60.0 5-6 MLMHFSNM012
Abies recurvata Tree35.0 5-9 MLMHFSNM002
Abies religiosaSacred FirTree40.0 7-10 FLMHFSNM013
Abies sachalinensisSakhalin FirTree30.0 3-6 SLMHFSNM002
Abies sibiricaSiberian FirTree30.0 -  LMHFSNM013
Abies spectabilisHimalayan FirTree30.0 6-9 SLMHFSNM023
Abies veitchiiVeitch Fir, ChristmastreeTree25.0 3-7 FLMHFSNM002
Abies veitchii sikokiana Tree30.0 3-7  LMHFSNM002
Picea abiesNorway SpruceTree30.0 2-7 FLMHNMWe214

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

Print Friendly and PDF

Expert comment

Author

Mast.

Botanical References

11109200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

Add a comment

If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves.

* Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information.

To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately.

Subject : Abies squamata  
© 2010, Plants For A Future. Plants For A Future is a charitable company limited by guarantee, registered in England and Wales. Charity No. 1057719, Company No. 3204567.