Now available: PLANTS FOR YOUR FOOD FOREST: an important new book from PFAF. It focuses on the attributes of plants suitable for food forests, what each can contribute to a food forest ecosystem, including carbon sequestration, and the kinds of foods they yield. The book suggests that community and small-scale food forests can provide a real alternative to intensive industrialised agriculture, and help to combat the many inter-related environmental crises that threaten the very future of life on Earth. More >>>

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Index of Common Names: N
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Abies homolepisNikko FirTree36.0 4-7 MLMHFSNM00 
Abies proceraNoble FirTree60.0 5-6 MLMHFSNM01 
Acacia koaiaKoai'aTree5.0 10-12 FLMHNDM014
Acacia mucronataNarrow-Leaf WattleTree9.0 7-10  LNDM20 
Acanthosicyos horridusNaras. ButterpipsPerennial1.0 9-11 FLMNDM322
Acer platanoidesNorway Maple, Harlequin MapleTree21.0 3-7 FLMHSNM203
Achyranthes bidentataNiu XiPerennial0.8 7-10  LMSNM23 
Adenophora triphyllaNan Sha ShenPerennial1.0 6-9  LMNM21 
Adiantum pedatumNorthern Maidenhair,American Maidenhair FernFern0.5 4-9 SLMHSM022
Afraegle paniculataNigerian Powder-Flask Fruit. African afraegleTree12.0 10-12 FLMNDM232
Agastache neomexicanaNew Mexico Giant Hyssop, Bill Williams Mountain giant hyssopPerennial1.2 7-10  LMNDM312
Agave murpheyiHohokam Agave, Murphey agavePerennial1.0 8-12 SLMHNDM204
Allanblackia parvifloraVegetable tallow tree, OuoteraTree20.0 10-12 FLMHSNM322
Allium cernuumNodding Onion, New Mexican nodding onionBulb0.5 5-9  LMHNM522
Allium macrostemonNo-BinuBulb0.6 -  LMNM32 
Alnus nepalensisNepalese AlderTree22.0 8-11 FMHSNMWe01 
Alternanthera sissooBrazilian Spinach, Sambu, Samba lettucePerennial0.4 10-12 FLMHFSNM403
Anemone narcissifloraNarcissus-Flowered Anemone, Narcissus anemonePerennial0.6 3-7  LMHSNM10 
Annona atemoyaAtemoyaTree8.0 10-12 FLMHND502
Annona salzmanniiBeach Sugar AppleTree12.0 10-12 SLMSNM402
Annona vepretorumAraticum, Pinha da Caatinga, Araticum-da-bahiaTree6.0 10-12 SLMHND402
Arachis pintoiPinto peanutPerennial0.3 8-12 FLMHFSNMWe003
Artocarpus camansiBreadnut, KamansiTree15.0 10-12 FLMHNM413
Aster novae-angliaeNew England AsterPerennial1.5 4-9 MLMHSNM02 
Astrebla squarrosaBull Mitchell grassPerennial1.5 4-12 FLMHNDM401
Ateleia glazioveanaTIMBOTree13.0 10-12 FLMHNM004
Atriplex nuttalliiNuttall's SaltbushShrub0.9 5-9  LMNDM400
Avena nudaNaked OatAnnual0.9 -  LMHNDM40 
Azadirachta indicaNeemTree15.0 10-12 FMHSNDM245
Azolla pinnataWater Fern, Ferny or Red AzollaFern0.0 11-12 FLMHFSNMWeWa004
Baikiaea plurijugaRhodesian Teak, Zambesi RedwoodTree15.0 10-12 SLMHSNM124
Bambusa nutansNodding Bamboo, Mai bongBamboo12.0 9-10 FLMHSNM204
Bloomeria croceaGolden Stars, Common goldenstarBulb0.3 7-10  LMNM10 
Brassica juncea integrifolia crispifoliaCurled MustardAnnual0.3 6-10 FLMHSNM422
Brassica juncea integrifolia rugosaHead MustardAnnual0.6 6-10 FLMHSNM422
Brassica juncea integrifolia strumataLarge Petiole MustardAnnual0.8 6-10 FLMHSNM422
Brassica juncea integrifolia subintegrifoliaLeaf MustardAnnual0.3 6-10 FLMHSNM422
Brassica juncea tsatsai multicepsGreen In The SnowAnnual0.4 6-10 FLMHSNM422
Brassica oleracea botrytis aparagoidesNine Star Perennial BroccoliPerennial0.8 0-0  LMHSNM400
Buchanania lanzanAlmondette, Charoli NutTree12.0 10-12 MLMHNDM423
Bulnesia sarmientoiPao SantoTree18.0 10-12 SLMHNDM014
Cardamine impatiensNarrowleaf bittercressAnnual/Biennial0.6 4-8  LMHSNMWe210
Carex hachijoensisJapanese sedgePerennial0.3 5-9 MLMHFSM003
Carex nebrascensisNebraska sedgePerennial0.5 0-0  LMHSNM00 
Carya myristiciformisNutmeg HickoryTree30.0 8-11 SLMHNM20 
Caryodendron orinocenseTaccy Nut, Nuez de BarinasTree25.0 10-12 FLMHNM312
Castilla uleiCaucho NegroTree30.0 10-12 MLMHNM203
Casuarina oligodonShe-oak, kiluTree25.0 10-12 MLMHNM004
Ceanothus americanusNew Jersey Tea, Wild SnowballShrub1.2 4-9 FLMSNDM333
Celtis australisNettle Tree, European hackberryTree20.0 5-9 MLMNDM320
Centrolobium sclerophyllumHard leaved tararaTree20.0 10-12 FLMHNDM004
Chamaecyparis nootkatensisNootka Cypress, Nootka Cypress, Yellow Cypress, Alaska CedarTree15.0 4-8 MLMHSNDM01 
Chenopodium leptophyllumNarrow Leaved GoosefootAnnual0.6 0-0  LMHNM201
Chenopodium muraleNettleleaf GoosefootAnnual0.6 0-0  LMHNM201
Chlorocardium rodieiGreenheart, Demerara GreenheartTree30.0 10-12 MLMHNM025
Chondrilla ambiguaChondrilla, Sha di fen bao juPerennial0.5 4-9 FLMHNDM003
Chondrilla junceaNaked Weed, Rush skeletonweedBiennial/Perennial1.0 0-0  LMNDM310
Cinnamomum loureiroiSaigon CinnamonTree18.0 10-12 MLMHSNM432
Cirsium japonicumNo-Azami, Japanese thistleBiennial/Perennial0.9 5-9  LMHNM222
Citropsis gilletianaGillet's cherry-orangeTree9.0 10-12 MLMHNM003
Citrus x paradisiGrapefruit, Pomelo, PamplemousseTree7.0 9-11 MLMHNS411
Copaifera multijugaHayne oil, Copaiba,Tree20.0 10-12 SLMFSDM143
Coprosma billardieriNative CurrantShrub3.0 8-11  LMSNM10 
Cordeauxia edulisYeheb. Yeheb nutShrub4.0 10-12 SLMNDM323
Corynocarpus laevigatusNew Zealand Laurel, Karaka nutTree12.0 7-10  LMHSNM204
Crepis tectorumNarrow-Leaved Hawksbeard 0.0 -  LMHSNM10 
Cucurbita digitataCoyote GourdPerennial5.0 10-12 MLMHNDM303
Cyperus rotundusNut GrassPerennial0.6 0-0  LMNMWe332
Cypripedium acauleNerve Root, Moccasin flower, Ladyslipper Orchid, Pink Lady's SlipperPerennial0.4 7-11 SLMHSM03 
Cypripedium calceolus parviflorumNerve RootPerennial0.6 4-8  LMHSNM03 
Cypripedium calceolus pubescensNerve RootPerennial0.6 4-8  LMHSNM03 
Dalbergia baroniiPalissandre rouge des marais, hitsika, sovodranoTree20.0 10-12 MLMNMwe004
Delphinium brachycentrumNorthern larkspurPerennial1.0 4-8  LMHNM00 
Diospyros munMun Ebony, Vietnamese EbonyTree15.0 10-12 SLMHNDM004
Diospyros quaesitaCalamander, kalu mediriyaTree30.0 10-12 SLMHNDM024
Diploglottis australisNative TamarindTree8.0 -  LMHSNM00 
Distichlis palmeriNipa. Palmer saltgrass, NyPa Wild WheatPerennial0.4 10-12 FLMHSNMWeWa402
Dodonaea viscosaNative Hops, Florida hopbush, Hopseed Bush, Varnish Leaf, Hopbush, Narrow-leaf hopbush, Wedge-leaf hShrub3.0 9-11 MLNDM22 
Dryopteris carthusianaNarrow Buckler Fern, Spinulose woodfernFern1.0 6-8 MLMHSMWe24 
Dryopteris filix-masMale FernFern1.2 3-8 MLMHSDM24 
Edgeworthia gardneriNepalese Paper BushShrub2.0 7-10  LMHSNM00 
Erythrina sandwicensisWiliwili, Hawaiian coral treeTree10.0 10-12 FLMHNDM022
Esenbeckia leiocarpaBrazilian Boxwood, GuarantaTree25.0 10-12 MLMHFSM004
Eucalyptus brassianaCape York red gumTree20.0 9-11 FLMHNDM004
Eucalyptus urophyllaTimor White GumTree40.0 10-12 FMHNM003
Euphorbia tetragonaNaboomTree10.0 6-9  LMHSNDM112
Euplassa cantareiraeLouro FajaTree20.0 10-12 MLMHSNM004
Exocarpus cupressiformisNative CherryShrub4.0 -  LMSNDM21 
Fraxinus angustifoliaNarrow-Leaved AshTree25.0 5-9  LMHNDM10 
Gaillardia x grandifloraBlanket flowerPerennial0.3 3-10 FLMNDM103
Galium borealeNorthern BedstrawPerennial0.5 0-0  LMHSDM220
Garcinia mangostanaMangosteen, ManggisTree12.0 11-12 SMHSNM522
Genista pilosa procumbensCreeping broom, Creeping hairy broomShrub0.1 6-8 SLMSNDM003
Geodorum densiflorumNodding Swamp OrchidPerennial0.3 10-12 FLMNM024
Geranium nepalenseNepalese Crane's BillPerennial1.0 6-9  LMHNM12 
Geranium potentilloidesNative Carrot, Cinquefoil geraniumPerennial0.6 0-0  LMHNM10 
Gigantochloa baluiClumping BambooBamboo 10.0 10-12 FLMHNM203
Glechoma hederaceaGround Ivy, Field Balm, Gill Over The Ground, Runaway RobinPerennial0.2 3-10 FMHSNM233
Glochidion puberumNeedlebushShrub3.0 0-0  LMHSNM02 
Glyceria occidentalisNorthwestern mannagrassPerennial1.0 0-0  LMHSNWeWa10 
123

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water. Rating: 1 = Minor 5 = Great.

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