Now available: PLANTS FOR YOUR FOOD FOREST: an important new book from PFAF. It focuses on the attributes of plants suitable for food forests, what each can contribute to a food forest ecosystem, including carbon sequestration, and the kinds of foods they yield. The book suggests that community and small-scale food forests can provide a real alternative to intensive industrialised agriculture, and help to combat the many inter-related environmental crises that threaten the very future of life on Earth. More >>>

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Index of Common Names: B
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Abies balsameaBalsam FirTree15.0 3-6 SLMHFSNM35 
Acacia mearnsiiBlack Wattle, Late black wattleTree10.0 8-11 FLMNM134
Acacia melanoxylonBlackwood, Australia Acacia, Black Acacia, Blackwood AcaciaTree30.0 9-11 FLMNDM214
Acacia salignaBlue-Leaved Wattle, Orange wattleShrub6.0 7-10 FLMHNDM105
Acacia victoriaeBramble wattle. Gundabluey, Bardi bushShrub10.0 8-11 FLMHNDM423
Acanthus mollisBear's BreechesPerennial1.2 -  LMSNDM02 
Acer interiusBox ElderTree20.0 -  LMHSNM20 
Acer negundoBox ElderTree21.0 3-8 FLMHSNM313
Acer saccharum grandidentatumBig-Tooth Maple, Canyon Maple, Rocky Mountain Sugar MapleTree12.0 5-8  LMHSNM40 
Acer saccharum nigrumBlack MapleTree25.0 4-6 SLMHSNM412
Acinos arvensisBasil ThymeAnnual/Perennial0.2 4-8  LMNDM21 
Aconitum kusnezoffiiBei Wu TouPerennial1.5 5-9  LMHSNM01 
Adansonia digitataBaobab, Judas Fruit, Monkey Bread TreeTree20.0 10-12 SLMHNDM334
Aegilops triuncialisBarbed goatgrass, Barb goatgrassAnnual0.3 8-10  LMHNDM100
Aegle marmelosBael Tree, Golden Apple, Bengal QuinceTree10.0 10-12 SLMHNM334
Aesculus parvifloraBottlebrush buckeyeShrub4.0 4-9 SLMHFSNM21 
Agave tequilanaBlue Agave, Mescal, Tequila.Perennial2.0 10-12 MLMHND403
Agrostis capillarisBrowntop Bent GrassPerennial0.4 3-10 FLMSNWeM004
Ajuga bracteosaBugle, LungememenPerennial0.2 0-0  LMHSNM010
Ajuga reptansBugle, Common Bugelweed, Bugleweed, Carpet Bugleweed, Carpetweed, Carpet BuglePerennial0.3 3-10 SLMHFSNDMWe232
Allium ampeloprasum babingtoniiBabington's LeekBulb1.8 0-0  LMHNDM332
Allium bolanderiBolander's OnionBulb0.2 6-9  LMNM32 
Allium nutansBlue ChivesBulb0.5 -  LMHNM30 
Allium platycauleBroadstemmed OnionBulb0.1 5-9  LMNDM32 
Allocasuarina littoralisBlack She Oak, Bull Oak, WayetuckTree8.0 9-11 FLMHNM104
Alnus incanaGrey Alder, Speckled alder, Thinleaf alder, White AlderTree18.0 2-6 FMHSNDMWe003
Alnus serrulataSmooth Alder, Hazel alderShrub4.5 3-9  MHNMWe022
Alternanthera sissooBrazilian Spinach, Sambu, Samba lettucePerennial0.4 10-12 FLMHFSNM403
Amaranthus mitchelliiBoggabri WeedAnnual0.5 -  LMHNM20 
Ammi majusBishop's Weed, Large bullwort, Queen Anne's Lace, Bishop's FlowerAnnual0.8 0-0 MLMHSNM13 
Ammophila breviligulataBeach Grass, American beachgrassPerennial1.3 4-8  LMNDM00 
Amsinckia tesselataBristly FiddleneckAnnual0.6 -  LMHNDM10 
Andromeda glaucophyllaBog RosemaryShrub0.6 -  LMSMWe20 
Andropogon gerardiiBig BluestemPerennial2.0 4-8  LNDM012
Andropogon virginicusBroomsedge BluestemPerennial1.2 5-9  LNDM011
Androstephium caeruleumBlue Funnel LilyBulb0.2 7-10  LMNM10 
Angelica dahuricaBai ZhiBiennial/Perennial1.8 -  LMHSNM23 
Aniba rosaeodoraBrazilian Rosewood, Rosewood-oil treeTree20.0 10-12  LMHSNM234
Annona salzmanniiBeach Sugar AppleTree12.0 10-12 SLMSNM402
Antidesma buniusBignay, BignaiTree10.0 10-12 MLMHSNM423
Aralia hispidaBristly SarsaparillaShrub1.0 3-7  LMHSNDM212
Araucaria bidwilliiBunya-Bunya, Monkey Puzzle Tree, False Monkey PuzzleTree40.0 9-11 MLMHSNM30 
Arctostaphylos glaucaBigberry ManzanitaShrub4.0 7-10  LMSNDM22 
Arctostaphylos uva-ursiBearberryShrub0.1 4-8 MLMFSNM344
Ardisia sieboldiiDuo Zhi Zi Jin NiuShrub6.0 0-0  LMHSM100
Areca catechuBetel Palm, Betel Nut PalmTree15.0 11-12 MLMHSNM334
Aristolochia clematitisBirthwortPerennial0.7 5-9  LMHSNM02 
Aronia melanocarpaBlack Chokeberry, Black Berried AroniaShrub2.5 3-8 MLMHSNDM312
Artemisia biennisBiennial WormwoodAnnual/Biennial1.0 0-0  LMSNDM111
Artemisia novaBlack SagebrushShrub0.5 -  LMSNDM01 
Artemisia stellerianaBeach Wormwood, Oldwoman, Dusty MillerPerennial0.5 3-9 MLMNDM103
Artocarpus altilisBreadfruitTree18.0 10-12 FLMHNM544
Artocarpus camansiBreadnut, KamansiTree15.0 10-12 FLMHNM413
Asclepias brachystephanaBract milkweedPerennial0.3 0-0  LSNDM00 
Asclepias currasavicaBlood FlowerPerennial2.0 10-12 FLMHNM012
Asclepias galioidesBedstraw MilkweedPerennial0.4 -  LSNDM21 
Asclepias latifoliaBroadleaf MilkweedPerennial0.8 -  LSNDM01 
Asplenium adiantum-nigrumBlack SpleenwortFern0.5 5-9  LMFSM02 
Aster macrophyllusBigleaf AsterPerennial0.6 3-7  LMHSNDM212
Astragalus complanatusBei Bian Huang QiPerennial0.8 -  LMNDM02 
Astrebla pectinataBarley Mitchell GrassPerennial1.0 -  LMHSNM10 
Astrebla squarrosaBull Mitchell grassPerennial1.5 4-12 FLMHNDM401
Atherosperma moschatumBlack SassafrasTree30.0 8-11  LMHSNM22 
Atractylodes macrocephalaBai ZhuPerennial0.5 5-9  LMHSNM03 
Atriplex serenanaBractscale, Davidson's bractscaleAnnual3.0 7-10  LMNDM20 
Attalea funiferaBahia Piassava, Conquilla Nut, Piassaba PalmTree15.0 10-12 MLMHNDM104
Attalea speciosaBabassu, American Oil Palm, Motacu, MotacuchiTree30.0 10-12 SLMHNM425
Avena strigosaBristle Oats, Black oatsAnnual0.9 0-0  LMHNDM20 
Babiana plicataBaboon RootCorm0.2 8-11  LNDM10 
Baccharis genistelloidesCarquejaPerennial2.0 10-12  LMHNMWe040
Baccharis halimifoliaBush Groundsel, Eastern baccharis, High Tide Bush, Sea Myrtle, Salt BushShrub3.5 4-8 MLMHNDM01 
Baccharis pilularisDwarf Chaparral Broom, Coyotebrush , Chaparral BroomShrub0.5 8-10 FLMHNDM01 
Baccharis vimineaMule's FatShrub4.0 7-10  LMHNDM11 
Baccharoides hymenolepisBaccharoidesShrub4.0 10-12 FLMHNM423
Bactris gasipaesPeach Palm, PupunhaTree15.0 11-12 FLMHSNM524
Baillonella toxispermaAfrican Pearwood, False Shea ButternutTree50.0 10-12 FLMHSNM334
Ballota nigraBlack HorehoundPerennial0.9 7-10  LMHFSNM03 
Balsamorhiza hookeriBalsam Root, Hooker's balsamroot, Hairy balsamroot, Idaho balsamroot, Rabbithead balsamroot, NeglePerennial0.3 4-8  LMNDM41 
Balsamorhiza incanaHoary BalsamrootPerennial0.9 4-8  LMNDM31 
Balsamorhiza sagittataOregon Sunflower, Arrowleaf balsamrootPerennial0.3 4-8  LMNDM422
Bambusa blumeanaSpiny Bamboo. Spiny bamboo, Thorny bambooBamboo20.0 10-12 FMHNM203
Bambusa heterostachyaMalay Dwarf GreenBamboo8.0 10-12 FLMHSNM003
Bambusa multiplexHedge Bamboo, Chinese Goddess BambooBamboo4.5 8-11 FLMSNM20 
Bambusa pervariabilisClumping BambooBamboo8.0 9-11 FLMHSNM304
Bambusa polymorphaBurmese bamboo, Jama BetuaBamboo12.0 9-12 FLMHSNM204
Bambusa textilisClumping Bamboo. Weaver's bambooBamboo8.0 7-11 FLMHSNM304
Bambusa tuldaBengal Bamboo. Spineless Indian bambooBamboo15.0 10-12 FLMHSNM204
Banisteriopsis caapiYage, Ayahuasca, CaapiClimber30.0 10-12  LMHSNM040
Banksia integrifoliaCoast BanksiaTree9.0 8-11  LMNM20 
Baphia nitidaCamwood, BaphiaTree10.0 10-12  LMHNM224
Baptisia australisWild Indigo, Blue wild indigo, Blue False IndigoPerennial1.5 3-9 SLMNDM022
Baptisia bracteataPlains Wild Indigo, Longbract wild indigo, False Indigo, Cream Wild IndigoPerennial0.7 4-9 MLMNDM02 
Baptisia lacteaWild IndigoPerennial2.0 4-8  LMNM01 
Baptisia tinctoriaWild Indigo, HorseflyweedPerennial0.9 4-8  LMNDM132
Barbarea orthocerasAmerican YellowrocketPerennial0.5 0-0  LMHSNM200
Barbarea vernaLand Cress, Early yellowrocketBiennial0.3 5-9  LMHFSNM30 
Barringtonia edulisVutu kana, Cut nutTree12.0 10-12 FLMHSNM422
Barringtonia novae hiberniaePao NutTree10.0 10-12 FLMHNM422
Barringtonia proceraPao nuts, Cut nutTree10.0 10-12 MLMHSNM422
Basella albaMalabar Spinach, Indian Spinach, Ceylon spinach,Perennial Climber9.0 9-11 FLMHNM422
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Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water. Rating: 1 = Minor 5 = Great.

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