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Back to Key. Next (A).. (B).. (C).. (D-F).. (G-I).. (L-O).. (P).. (Q-R).. (S).. (T-Z).

Checklist of plants suitable for hedging and windbreaks: T - W

Botanical name Common name Deciduous/ Evergreen Height Growth rate Hardiness Wind Notes
Tamarix gallica Tamarisk D T M 5 M Most soils.Edible manna.Medicinal.Also T.africana,T.parviflora and T.ramosissima
Taxus baccata Yew E M-T S-M 6 W Most soils,sun or shade.Edible fruit-sweet.BEWARE:-ALL OTHER PARTS OF PLANT ARE POISONOUS.Insecticide,incense,medicinal. Other species can also be used.
Thamnocalamus spathaceus   E T M 6   Moist well drained loam.Edible young shoots.Plant supports.
Thuja occidentalis White cedar E T S-M 2   Moist soil.Best in west of Britain.Tea,insect repellent,medicinal.
Thuja orientalis   E M-T S-M 6   Prefers a dry well drained soil.Often does not do well.Edible seed.Dye,medicinal.
Thuja plicata Red cedar E M-T M-F 6 W Most soils except light, sandy. Edible inner bark. Fibre, basketry.
Tsuga heterophylla Hemlock E T M-F 6   Best in high rainfall areas in a deep well drained soil. Edible inner bark. Tea, tannin, resin, medicinal. Other species to use include:-T.canadensis, T.caroliniana, T.chinensis and T.mertensiana
Ugni molinae Ugni E M S-M 8 W Most well drained soils.Edible fruit.Tea.
Ulex europaeus Gorse E M F 6 M Prefers a poor dry soil,sunny position.Soil stabilization,tea,dye,kindling.
Ulex parviflorus   E M M-F 7 M As above.
Viburnum x juddii   D M M 5   Dislikes poor dry soils.
Viburnum opulus Guelder rose D M-T M-F 3 W Prefers moist soils.Edible fruit-best cooked.Red dye,medicinal.Ssp.americanum is said to have superior fruit.
Viburnum prunifolium Black haw D M-T M 3   Tolerates poor dry soils.Edible fruit.
Viburnum tinus Laurustinus E M F 7 W Most soils.
Vitex negundo   D M-T M 8   Light soil,sunny position.Seed a condiment.Tea,insect repellent,basketry,medicinal.
Weigela florida Weigela D M M 5   Rich soil,sun or part shade.


D = Deciduous E = Evergreen

Height:- S = Small (to 4ft for hedges, 20ft for trees.) M = Medium (to 6ft for hedges, 50ft for trees.) T = Tall (over 6ft for hedges, over 50ft for trees.)

Rate of Growth:- S = Slow M = Medium F = Fast

Wind Resistance:- W = tolerates Windy sites M = tolerates Maritime exposure

Hardiness zones 1(hardiest) to 10:- most of Britain is in zone 7 or 8 with some upland and northern areas being colder whilst western and southern coastal areas are milder.

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