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Pyrus communis sativa - DC.
Common Name Pear
Family Rosaceae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Not known in the wild.
Range A garden cultivar, probably derived from P. communis, P. cordata and P. nivalis[11].
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun


Pyrus communis sativa Pear

Pyrus communis sativa Pear
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of lolypop
Pyrus communis sativa is a deciduous Tree growing to 5 m (16ft 5in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from Apr to May. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.The plant is not self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil and can tolerate drought. It can tolerate atmospheric pollution.


Woodland Garden Secondary; Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; South Wall. By. West Wall. By.
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw or cooked. The flavour ranges from rather harsh and astringent (cultivars used for making alcoholic drinks) through to soft, sweet and very juicy. The best dessert fruits have an exquisite sweet flavour, usually with a very soft flesh, whilst cooking varieties have harder less sweet flesh[K].
Medicinal Uses
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

None known
Other Uses
Dye;  Wood.

A yellow-tan dye is obtained from the leaves[106, 115]. Wood - heavy, tough, durable, fine grained, hard. Used by cabinet and instrument makers[11, 61, 100, 149]. When covered with black varnish it is an excellent ebony substitute[74].
Cultivation details
Prefers a good well-drained loam in full sun[200]. Grows well in heavy clay soils[200]. Tolerates light shade but does not fruit so well in such a position. Tolerates atmospheric pollution, excessive moisture and a range of soil types if they are moderately fertile, though plants can become chlorotic on very alkaline soils[200]. Established plants are drought tolerant[200]. Very hardy, tolerating temperatures down to below -15°c[200]. Widely cultivated for its edible fruit in temperate areas, there are many named varieties that can provide fruit from late July to April or May of the following year. This is the collective name for all the pear cultivars that have been derived from P. communis, probably through hybridization with P. cordata and P. nivalis. Where space is at a premium, or at the limits of their climatic range, pears can be grown against a wall. Most cultivars will grow well against a sunny south or west facing wall but, because of their relatively early flowering, they are not really suitable for north or east facing walls[219]. Most cultivars are not self-fertile and a number of cultivars have incompatible pollen, so care must be taken to ensure the provision of a suitable pollen partner[200]. Trees grow less well in grass, root secretions from the grass inhibiting the root growth of the pear[201].
Seed - best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe in the autumn, it will then usually germinate in mid to late winter. Stored seed requires 8 - 10 weeks cold stratification at 1°c and should be sown as early in the year as possible[200]. Temperatures over 15 - 20°c induce a secondary dormancy in the seed[200]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in light shade in a cold frame or greenhouse for their first year. Plant them out in late spring or early summer of the following year. The seed of pear cultivars will not usually breed true to type.
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Pyrus acidula 10
Pyrus amygdaliformis 20
Pyrus autumnalis 10
Pyrus balsanae 30
Pyrus betulaefoliaBirch-Leaved Pear21
Pyrus bretschneideri 20
Pyrus calleryanaCallery Pear20
Pyrus calleryana dimorphophylla 20
Pyrus communisWild Pear, Common pear21
Pyrus cordataPlymouth Pear, Pear20
Pyrus elaeagnifolia 20
Pyrus elaeagnifolia kotschyana 20
Pyrus faurei 30
Pyrus glabra 20
Pyrus macrostipes 10
Pyrus maximowicziana 10
Pyrus nivalisSnow Pear20
Pyrus pashiaIndian Wild Pear31
Pyrus persica 20
Pyrus phaeocarpa 20
Pyrus prematura 10
Pyrus pyraster 30
Pyrus pyrifoliaSand Pear, Chinese pear41
Pyrus pyrifolia cultaAsian Pear41
Pyrus regellii 20
Pyrus salicifoliaWillow-Leaved Pear20
Pyrus serrulata 10
Pyrus sohayakiensis 10
Pyrus syriaca 20
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Subject : Pyrus communis sativa  

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Edible Uses
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