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Panax pseudoginseng notoginseng - (Burkill.)G.Hoo.&C.J.Tseng.                
                 
Common Name San Qi
Family Araliaceae
Synonyms Panax notoginseng
Known Hazards Avoid during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Avoid if on anticoagulants or ticlodipine (for blood clot formation) [301].
Habitats Forests and shrubberies, 2100 - 4300 metres in Central Nepal in the Himalayas[51].
Range E. Asia - China to the Himalayas and Burma.
Edibility Rating  
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Moist Soil Full shade Semi-shade

Summary       
UPDATE 3.4.12: Panax pseudoginseng var. notoginseng (Burkill) G.Hoo & C.L.Tseng is a synonym of Panax notoginseng (Burkill) F.H.Chen

Physical Characteristics       
 icon of manicon of flower
Panax pseudoginseng notoginseng is a PERENNIAL growing to 1.2 m (4ft) at a slow rate.The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs)

USDA hardiness zone : Coming soon


Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) or semi-shade (light woodland). It prefers moist soil.

Panax pseudoginseng notoginseng San Qi


Panax pseudoginseng notoginseng San Qi
© Thomas Schoepke
   
Habitats       
Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge; not Deep Shade;
Edible Uses                                         
Edible Parts:
Edible Uses: Drink;  Tea.

The roots are chewed, used as a flavouring in liqueurs or made into a tea[183].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Analgesic;  Antiinflammatory;  Antiphlogistic;  Antiseptic;  Astringent;  Cardiotonic;  Diuretic;  Haemostatic;  Hypoglycaemic.

San Qi is a fairly recent newcomer to Chinese herbalism, the first recorded usage dating from the sixteenth century. Nevertheless, it has attained an importance as a tonic medicine that supports the function of the adrenal glands, in particular the production of corticosteroids and male sex hormones[254]. It also helps to improve blood flow through the coronary arteries, thus finding use as a treatment for arteriosclerosis, high blood pressure and angina[254]. The roots are said to be analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antiphlogistic, antiseptic, astringent, cardiotonic, discutient, diuretic, haemostatic, hypoglycaemic, styptic, tonic and vulnerary[176, 218]. They are used in the treatment of contused wounds, soft tissue injuries and all kinds of bleeding, both internal and external, like haematuria, nose bleeds, haematemesis, uterine bleeding etc. They are also used in the treatment of coronary heart disease and angina pectoris[176, 254]. The roots can be applied externally as a poultice in order to help speed the healing of wounds and bruises[254]. The root is harvested before flowering or after the seed has ripened. It is usually dried for later use[254]. There is much confusion in literature over this plant and P. pseudo-ginseng. It is probable that the two can be used interchangeably but this has still to be confirmed. The following are the uses attributed to P. pseudo-ginseng:- The roots and the flowers are antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, cardiotonic, diuretic, haemostatic and hypoglycaemic[176, 238]. The root is used internally in the treatment of coronary heart disease and angina[238]. The roots are also used both internally and externally in the treatment of nosebleeds, haemorrhages from the lungs, digestive tract and uterus, and injuries[238]. The roots are harvested in the autumn, preferably from plants 6 - 7 years old, and can be used fresh or dried[238]. The flowers are used to treat vertigo and dizziness[238].
Other Uses
None known
Cultivation details                                         
We have very little information on this species and do not know if it will be hardy in Britain, though judging by its native range it should succeed outdoors in much of the country. This is the form used medicinally in China[176]. The following notes are based on the general needs of the genus. Requires a moist humus rich soil in a shady position in a woodland[200].
                                                                                 
Propagation                                         
Seed - sow in a shady position in a cold frame preferably as soon as it is ripe, otherwise as soon as the seed is obtained. It can be very slow and erratic to germinate. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in a shady position in the greenhouse or frame for at least their first winter. Make sure the pots are deep enough to accommodate the roots. Plant out into their permanent positions in late summer. Division in spring.
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Expert comment                                         
 
      
Author                                         
(Burkill.)G.Hoo.&C.J.Tseng.
                                                                                 
Botanical References                                         
51
                                                                                 
Links / References                                         

[51]Polunin. O. and Stainton. A. Flowers of the Himalayas.
A very readable and good pocket guide (if you have a very large pocket!) to many of the wild plants in the Himalayas. Gives many examples of plant uses.
[176]Yeung. Him-Che. Handbook of Chinese Herbs and Formulas.
An excellent Chinese herbal giving information on over 500 species. Rather technical and probably best suited to the more accomplished user of herbs.
[183]Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants.
Excellent. Contains a very wide range of conventional and unconventional food plants (including tropical) and where they can be obtained (mainly N. American nurseries but also research institutes and a lot of other nurseries from around the world.
[200]Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
[218]Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China
Details of over 1,200 medicinal plants of China and brief details of their uses. Often includes an analysis, or at least a list of constituents. Heavy going if you are not into the subject.
[238]Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses.
A very well presented and informative book on herbs from around the globe. Plenty in it for both the casual reader and the serious student. Just one main quibble is the silly way of having two separate entries for each plant.
[254]Chevallier. A. The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants
An excellent guide to over 500 of the more well known medicinal herbs from around the world.
[301]Karalliedde. L. and Gawarammana. I. Traditional Herbal Medicines
A guide to the safer use of herbal medicines.

Readers comment                                         
 
Elizabeth H.
Bhupal Singh Fri Sep 29 2006
Villagers in Nepal use it under various circumstances like: muscular cramps, tiredness, immediately after pregnency to strengthen vaginal muscles, and in recent times, the tea derived from leaves and roots have shown to reduce glucose levels in diabetics. Though not a permant cure for diabetic patients, helpful while taken twice daily. Also known to cure weak iris muscules in eyes so those with minor eye power can do away with their glases.
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Subject : Panax pseudoginseng notoginseng  
             

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