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Barbarea verna - (Mill.)Asch.                
                 
Common Name Land Cress, Early yellowrocket
Family Brassicaceae or Cruciferae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Waste and cultivated ground.
Range S.W. Europe. Naturalized in Britain[17].
Edibility Rating  
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Full shade Semi-shade Full sun

Summary       

Physical Characteristics       
 icon of manicon of flower
Barbarea verna is a BIENNIAL growing to 0.3 m (1ft) by 0.3 m (1ft in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from May to July, and the seeds ripen from Jun to August. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Flies, bees, beetles, self.The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms
B. praecox. (Sm.)R.Br. Campe verna.
Barbarea verna Land Cress, Early yellowrocket


(c) 2010 Ken Fern & Plants For A Future
Barbarea verna Land Cress, Early yellowrocket
http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Projet:Botanique/Accord_Henry_Brisse
   
Habitats
Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Shady Edge; not Deep Shade; North Wall. By.
Edible Uses                                         
Edible Parts: Leaves;  Oil;  Seed.
Edible Uses: Oil.

Young leaves - raw, cooked or used as a seasoning[1, 2, 33, 37, 52]. A hot, spicy watercress flavour, they are delicious in salads[183, 244]. Leaves can be obtained throughout the year if autumn-sown plants are given a light protection in winter[1]. An edible oil is obtained from the seed[46, 52, 61, 183]. The seed can be sprouted and added to salads etc[183].
Medicinal Uses
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known
Other Uses
Oil.

None known
Cultivation details                                         
Succeeds in sun or shade in a moist well-drained soil,[200] growing well on a north facing wall[33, 52]. The summer crop is best if it is given some shade whilst the winter crop succeeds in sunny positions[1, 200]. Land cress is often cultivated as a salad plant, when it is usually treated as an annual[46]. It can supply leaves all year round from successional sowings[1]. In hot weather plants soon run to seed unless they are kept shaded and moist[183]. The leaves taste much hotter in the summer[K]. Plants usually self-sow freely when growing in a suitable position[K].
                                                                                 
Propagation                                         
Seed - sow spring to September in situ at 3-weekly intervals to provide a succession of leaves. Germination usually takes place within 2 - 3 weeks.
Related Plants                                         
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Barbarea australis 21
Barbarea orthocerasAmerican Yellowrocket20
Barbarea vulgarisYellow Rocket, Garden yellowrocket31
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Expert comment                                         
 
      
Author                                         
(Mill.)Asch.
                                                                                 
Botanical References                                         
200
                                                                                 
Links / References                                         
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment                                         
 
Elizabeth H.
Barbara Cook Tue May 1 2007
Some people eat 6-12 raw seed pods of this plant before food in the AM and PM as a vermifuge. Also used similarly to horseradish for catarrh, cold, indigestion, and flatulence. Its actions are considered mild.
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Subject : Barbarea verna  
             
                                        
                                                                                 
                                                                                 
   
 

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