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Baccharis viminea - DC.                
                 
Common Name Mule's Fat
Family Asteraceae or Compositae
Synonyms B. glutinosa. B. salicifolia. (Ruiz.&Pavon.)Pers.
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Dry stream beds, ditch banks etc, usually below 450 metres[71].
Range South-western N. America - California to Mexico.
Edibility Rating  
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Frost Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun

Summary       

Physical Characteristics       
 icon of manicon of shrub
Baccharis viminea is an evergreen Shrub growing to 4 m (13ft 1in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. It is in flower from May to July. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.

USDA hardiness zone : Coming soon


Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

Baccharis viminea Mule


Baccharis viminea Mule
   
Habitats       
 Ground Cover;
Edible Uses                                         
Edible Parts: Leaves.
Edible Uses:

Young shoots - cooked[257]. Roasted and eaten as a famine food when little else is available[257].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Ophthalmic;  Skin;  Stings.

A decoction of the leaves and stems has been used as a female hygienic agent[257]. An infusion of the leaves has been used as an eyewash and has also been applied to bruises, wounds or insect stings[257].
Other Uses
Hair;  Soil stabilization.

An effective ground-cover plant for sunny banks[200]. The plant has an extensive root system and is very useful for stabilizing sand dunes etc[200]. The leaves have been used as a tonic wash for the scalp and hair to prevent baldness[257]. A charcoal made from the stems has been used to make gunpowder[257].
Cultivation details                                         
Succeeds in almost any soil, from heavy clays to pure sands, if it is growing in a sunny position[11, 200]. Very tolerant of poor dry soils[200]. This species is not hardy in the colder areas of the country, it requires an almost frost-free climate and tolerates temperatures down to between -5 and -10°c[200]. Plants respond well to trimming[200]. Dioecious. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required.
                                                                                 
Propagation                                         
Seed - no pre-treatment is required[113]. Surface sow in pots a cold frame in the spring, do not let the compost dry out. Germination usually takes place within 1 - 2 weeks[113]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the cold frame for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame. Very easy[K]. Cuttings of mature wood of the current seasons growth, November in a frame. Easy[K].
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Expert comment                                         
 
      
Author                                         
DC.
                                                                                 
Botanical References                                         
71200
                                                                                 
Links / References                                         

  [K] Ken Fern Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.

[11]Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement.
A classic with a wealth of information on the plants, but poor on pictures.
[71]Munz. A California Flora.
An excellent flora but no pictures. Not for the casual reader.
[113]Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W. The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation.
A very detailed book on propagating trees. Not for the casual reader.
[200]Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
[257]Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany
Very comprehensive but terse guide to the native uses of plants. Excellent bibliography, fully referenced to each plant, giving a pathway to further information. Not for the casual reader.

Readers comment                                         
 
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Subject : Baccharis viminea  
             

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