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Alnus serrulata - (Aiton.)Willd.                
                 
Common Name Smooth Alder, Hazel alder
Family Betulaceae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Moist lowlands, such as swamps, and along ponds and streams where it forms thickets[222, 229].
Range Eastern N. America - Maine to Florida, west to Oklahoma and Indiana.
Edibility Rating  
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Wet Soil Full sun

Summary       

Physical Characteristics       
 icon of manicon of shrub
Alnus serrulata is a deciduous Shrub growing to 4.5 m (14ft 9in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 2. The flowers are monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and are pollinated by Wind.It can fix Nitrogen.
Suitable for: medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay and nutritionally poor soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist or wet soil.

Synonyms
Betula serrulata.
Alnus serrulata Smooth Alder, Hazel alder


Alnus serrulata Smooth Alder, Hazel alder
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Alnus_serrulata_drawing.png
   
Habitats       
Woodland Garden Secondary; Bog Garden;
Edible Uses                                         
None known
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Astringent;  Diuretic;  Emetic;  Ophthalmic;  Purgative.

A tea made from the bark is analgesic, astringent, blood purifier, diuretic, emetic and purgative[4, 222, 257]. It is used in the treatment of diarrhoea, the pain of childbirth, coughs, toothache and sore mouths[222]. Externally, it is used as an eye wash and a wash for hives, poison ivy rash, piles, swellings and sprains[222]. A decoction of the cones is astringent[4].
Other Uses
Soil stabilization.

Trees have extensive root systems and are sometimes planted on the banks of streams in order to prevent erosion[227]. The wood is soft and brittle, weighing 29lb per cubic foot[227]. It is of little commercial value[229].
Cultivation details                                         
Prefers a heavy soil and a damp situation[1, 11]. Grows well in heavy clay soils[11]. Tolerates very infertile sites[200]. Requires a position in full sun, dying out when shaded by taller trees[229]. A fast-growing but short-lived tree[229]. This species is closely related to A. rugosa[11]. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil micro-organisms, these form nodules on the roots of the plants and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[200].
                                                                                 
Propagation                                         
Seed - best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe and only just covered[200]. Spring sown seed should also germinate successfully so long as it is not covered[200, K]. The seed should germinate in the spring as the weather warms up. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots. If growth is sufficient, it is possible to plant them out into their permanent positions in the summer, otherwise keep them in pots outdoors and plant them out in the spring. If you have sufficient quantity of seed, it can be sown thinly in an outdoor seed bed in the spring[78]. The seedlings can either be planted out into their permanent positions in the autumn/winter, or they can be allowed to grow on in the seed bed for a further season before planting them. Cuttings of mature wood, taken as soon as the leaves fall in autumn, outdoors in sandy soil.
Related Plants                                         
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Alnus cordataItalian Alder00
Alnus glutinosaAlder, European alder , Common Alder, Black Alder03
Alnus hirsuta 00
Alnus incanaGrey Alder, Speckled alder, Thinleaf alder, White Alder00
Alnus japonicaJapanese Alder01
Alnus maritimaSeaside Alder, Beach Alder00
Alnus maximowiczii 00
Alnus nepalensisNepalese Alder01
Alnus nitida 01
Alnus rhombifoliaWhite Alder12
Alnus rubraRed Alder, Oregon Alder22
Alnus rugosaSpeckled Alder02
Alnus sinuataSitka Alder11
Alnus tenuifoliaMountain Alder, Thinleaf alder12
Alnus viridis crispaAmerican Green Alder12
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Expert comment                                         
 
      
Author                                         
(Aiton.)Willd.
                                                                                 
Botanical References                                         
11200
                                                                                 
Links / References                                         
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment                                         
 
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Subject : Alnus serrulata  
             
                                        
                                                                                 
                                                                                 
   
 

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