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Acer ginnala - Maxim.
Common Name Amur Maple
Family Aceraceae
USDA hardiness 3-8
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Found in many habitats in Korea, especially along streamsides and swampy places[151]. Forests at elevations of 100 - 800 metres in China[266].
Range E. Asia - China, Japan, Manchuria.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential Yes
Medicinal Rating  
Frost Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun


Acer ginnala Amur Maple

Acer ginnala Amur Maple
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of lolypop
Acer ginnala is a deciduous Tree growing to 10 m (32ft) by 8 m (26ft) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. It is in flower in May, and the seeds ripen from Sep to October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs)Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

A. tataricum ginnala.

Woodland Garden Canopy; Secondary;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts:
Edible Uses: Tea.

The young leaves are used as a tea substitute[177, 183].
Medicinal Uses
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

None known
Other Uses
Dye;  Preservative;  Tannin.

The leaves are packed around apples, rootcrops etc to help preserve them[18, 20]. Black, blue and brown dyes are obtained from the dried leaves[151]. The leaves contain the dyestuff quercetin[223]. They also contain about 30% tannin[223].
Cultivation details
Of easy cultivation, it prefers a good moist well-drained soil on the acid side[11, 182]. Prefers a sunny position but tolerates some shade[11, 200]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Chlorosis can sometimes develop as a result of iron deficiency when the plants are grown in alkaline soils, but in general maples are not fussy as to soil pH. A very ornamental tree[1], there are some named varieties[11]. The form 'Bailey Compact' is a compact form originating in N. America. Very closely related to and possibly only a ssp. of A. tataricum[11]. The dried leaves are exported to China in large quantities for their use as a dye[151]. Most maples are bad companion plants, inhibiting the growth of nearby plants[18, 20].
Seed of garden origin rarely comes true to type. The seed is best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame, it usually germinates in the following spring. Pre-soak stored seed for 24 hours and then stratify for 2 - 4 months at 1 - 8°c. It can be slow to germinate. The seed can be harvested 'green' (when it has fully developed but before it has dried and produced any germination inhibitors) and sown immediately. It should germinate in late winter. If the seed is harvested too soon it will produce very weak plants or no plants at all[80, 113]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on until they are 20cm or more tall before planting them out in their permanent positions. Layering, which takes about 12 months, is successful with most species in this genus. Cuttings of young shoots in June or July. The cuttings should have 2 - 3 pairs of leaves, plus one pair of buds at the base. Remove a very thin slice of bark at the base of the cutting, rooting is improved if a rooting hormone is used. The rooted cuttings must show new growth during the summer before being potted up otherwise they are unlikely to survive the winter. Fairly easy from cuttings.
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

This plant can be weedy or invasive in Connecticut (Amur maple) - Potentially invasive, not banned.
Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed.
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Acer acuminatum 10
Acer argutum 20
Acer caesium 01
Acer campestreField Maple, Hedge maple21
Acer carpinifoliumHornbeam Maple20
Acer circinatumVine Maple21
Acer crataegifoliumHawthorn-Leaved Maple00
Acer distylum 20
Acer glabrumRock Maple, Rocky Mountain maple, Douglas maple, Greene's maple, New Mexico maple, Torrey maple21
Acer interiusBox Elder20
Acer macrophyllumOregon Maple, Bigleaf maple, Oregon Maple31
Acer monoMaple21
Acer negundoBox Elder31
Acer oblongum 00
Acer palmatumJapanese Maple20
Acer pectinatumMaple00
Acer pensylvanicumMoosewood, Striped maple, Moosewood, Pennsylvania Maple01
Acer platanoidesNorway Maple, Harlequin Maple20
Acer pseudoplatanusSycamore, Great Maple, Scottish Maple, Planetree Maple21
Acer rubrumRed Maple, Drummond's maple, Swamp Maple31
Acer saccharinumSilver Maple, River Maple, Soft Maple31
Acer saccharumSugar Maple, Florida Maple, Hard Maple, Rock Maple42
Acer saccharum grandidentatumBig-Tooth Maple, Canyon Maple, Rocky Mountain Sugar Maple40
Acer saccharum nigrumBlack Maple41
Acer spicatumMountain Maple22
Acer sterculiaceum 00
Acer tataricumTatarian Maple20
Acer truncatumShantung Maple, Purpleblow Maple10
Acer ukurunduense caudatum 10
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Botanical References
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Readers comment
Marilyn L.
Feb 20 2014 12:00AM
This tree is an invasive species and should not be planted. However, there are many good alternatives: American hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana), Kentucky yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea), Sassafrass (Sassafrass albidum), Hop hornbeam (AKA Ironwood) (Ostrya virginiana). These are all native trees, important elements of our natural ecology, and will support a variety of wildlife.
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Subject : Acer ginnala  

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