homebanner homebanner homebanner homebanner homebanner homebanner
Abies concolor - (Gordon.&Glend.)Lindl. ex Hildebrand.
                 
Common Name Colorado Fir, White fir
Family Pinaceae
USDA hardiness 3-7
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Found on a wide range of soils, but preferring moist soils with a humid climate and a long winter from 700 metres to 3,400 metres[229].
Range South-western N. America - Oregon to California, to Arizona and New Mexico.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full shade Semi-shade Full sun

Summary
Form: Columnar.

Abies concolor Colorado Fir, White fir


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User_talk:Wsiegmund
Abies concolor Colorado Fir, White fir
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of cone
Abies concolor is an evergreen Tree growing to 45 m (147ft) by 8 m (26ft) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not frost tender. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower in April, and the seeds ripen from Sep to October. The flowers are monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and are pollinated by Wind.Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay and nutritionally poor soils. Suitable pH: acid and neutral soils. It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

Synonyms
Picea concolor.
Habitats
Woodland Garden Canopy;
Edible Uses
None known
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antirheumatic;  Pectoral;  Poultice;  TB.

The pitch from the trunk has been used as an antiseptic poultice for cuts, wounds etc[257]. An infusion of the pitch, or the bark, has been used in the treatment of TB[257] An infusion of the foliage has been used in a bath for relieving rheumatism[257]. An infusion of the pitch and leaves has been used in the treatment of pulmonary complaints[257].
Other Uses
Dye;  Wood.

A tan coloured dye can be obtained from the bark[257]. Wood - very light, not strong, coarse grained, soft, not durable. Used mainly for pulp, cases etc[46, 61, 82]. It is sometimes used in framing small houses but is not strong enough to be used in larger buildings[229]. The wood lacks a distinctive odour and so does not impart a flavour to items stored in it. Thus it can be used for making tubs for storing food items[229].
Cultivation details
Landscape Uses:Christmas tree, Firewood, Pest tolerant, Screen, Specimen. Prefers a good moist but not water-logged soil[1]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Plants are very shade tolerant but growth is slower in dense shade[81]. Intolerant of atmospheric pollution[1]. Prefers slightly acid conditions down to a pH of about 5[200]. Prefers growing on a north-facing slope[200]. Trees succeed on poor dry sites in the wild[155]. Trees are shallow rooted and therefore liable to be wind-blown in exposed sites[155]. Trees grow almost as well in S. Britain as they do in cooler areas of the country[11]. They are at their best in the Perthshire valleys of Scotland and in N.E. England, trees in the south and east of the country tend to be thin in the crown and soon lose their shape. Trees in the west grow better but also lose their shape after a while[11, 185]. New growth is from mid-May to July and trees are virtually never damaged by late frosts or aphis[1, 185]. Most trees of this species that are grown in Britain are in fact the sub-species A. concolor lowiana. (Gordon.)Lemmon. This form tends to grow better in Britain than the type. There are 2 basic forms of this sub-species, those from the north of the range are vigorous in height growth whilst the southern form is vigorous in girth growth[185]. They both have a potential for forestry use in Britain[185]. Trees should be planted into their permanent positions when they are quite small, between 30 and 90cm in height. Larger trees will check badly and hardly put on any growth for several years. This also badly affects root development and wind resistance[200]. Plants are strongly outbreeding, self-fertilized seed usually grows poorly[200]. They hybridize freely with other members of this genus[200]. A very ornamental tree[1]. The crushed leaves have a strong lemony scent[185]. Special Features:Attractive foliage, North American native, Fragrant foliage, There are no flowers or blooms.
Propagation
Seed - sow early February in a greenhouse or outdoors in March[78]. Germination is often poor, usually taking about 6 - 8 weeks[78]. Stratification is said to produce a more even germination so it is probably best to sow the seed in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe in the autumn[80, 113]. The seed remains viable for up to 5 years if it is well stored[113]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on for at least their first winter in pots. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Alternatively, if you have sufficient seed, it is possible to sow in an outdoor seedbed. One report says that it is best to grow the seedlings on in the shade at a density of about 550 plants per square metre[78] whilst another report says that they are best grown on in a sunny position[80].
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Abies albaSilver Fir, Christmas Tree Fir, European Silver Fir, Silver23
Abies amabilisRed Fir,Pacific silver fir12
Abies balsameaBalsam Fir35
Abies cephalonicaGrecian Fir00
Abies delavayi 00
Abies firmaMomi Fir, Japanese Fir10
Abies fraseriShe Balsam, Fraser fir, Southern Balsam Fir13
Abies grandisGrand Fir, Giant Fir, Lowland White Fir22
Abies homolepisNikko Fir00
Abies lasiocarpaSubalpine Fir, Alpine Fir22
Abies magnificaCalifornian Red Fir, Shasta red fir00
Abies mariesii 00
Abies nordmannianaCaucasian Fir, Christmas Tree Fir, Nordmann00
Abies pindrowWest Himalayan Fir00
Abies proceraNoble Fir01
Abies recurvata 00
Abies religiosaSacred Fir01
Abies sachalinensisSakhalin Fir00
Abies sibiricaSiberian Fir01
Abies spectabilisHimalayan Fir02
Abies squamataFlaky Fir00
Abies veitchiiVeitch Fir, Christmastree00
Abies veitchii sikokiana 00
Picea abiesNorway Spruce21
Plant Suppliers: Click here for a List

      You can download this page as a PDF

Expert comment
 
Author
(Gordon.&Glend.)Lindl. ex Hildebrand.
Botanical References
1160200
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
Dianna Sat Oct 18 19:32:09 2003
To the Makers and Managers of Plants For A Future

I would like to thank you for having this site available. I have made a search for the American South West: PFAF DB Search Address:http://www.ibiblio.org/pfaf/cgi-bin/find_use?AREA=N.+America%28SW%29, and as you can see, it is full of 122 different kinds of plants to study. I appreciate your help in making my dreams come true. You see, I have always wanted to be able to live off of the land should things change, and with this study, I can not only live off the land but serve it as well, by making sure the seeds are there for the planting of useful plants in the future. I have spread the word about your site to interested people both online and within my own community. I hope you flourish in your endeavors. Please keep this online for the generations to come. Maybe someday, we will learn to appreciate what we truly have....a wonderful planet of symbiotic living.

QR Code

What's this?

This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. This QR Code is unique to this page. All plant pages have their own unique code. For more information about QR Codes click here.

1. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts.
2. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from.
3. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone.
Add a comment/link

If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves.

* Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information.

Subject : Abies concolor  

Plant Uses

Edible Uses
Medicinal Uses
Other Plant uses
Woodland Gardening
Why Perennial Plants?
Top Edible Plants
Top Medicinal Plants
Garden Design
Habitats
Translations

Content

Content Help
Bookshop
Support Us
Blog
Links
Old Database Search
Suppliers
Contact
About Us
News
Sign In

PFAF Newsletter

Stay informed about PFAFs progress,
challenges and hopes by signing up for
our free email newsletter. You will receive
a range of benefits including:
* Important announcements and news
* Exclusive content not on the website
* Updates on new information &
functionality of the website & database

We will not sell or share your email address.
You can unsubscribe at anytime.